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The #FreeTurkeyJournalists platform is an effort to promote and defend free expression in Turkey by calling for every journalist behind bars to receive due. Turkey-Free Thanksgiving (Thanksgiving for Children Book 1) (English Edition) eBook: Anna Remorova: salesianer.se: Kindle-Shop. Marc Pierini, former EU Ambassador to Turkey () initiated an op-ed on the draft amnesty law affecting political prisoners including. Free Turkey Media rally in Berlin: "We will not go away as long as our Turkish colleagues need us!" (Für die deutsche Version scrollen Sie bitte. Human Rights Watch and partner NGOs scored a victory for free expression in Turkey with the February 13 acquittal of Turkish publisher Fatih Tas. Tas had.
Turkey-Free Thanksgiving (Thanksgiving for Children Book 1) (English Edition) eBook: Anna Remorova: salesianer.se: Kindle-Shop. Human Rights Watch and partner NGOs scored a victory for free expression in Turkey with the February 13 acquittal of Turkish publisher Fatih Tas. Tas had. The #FreeTurkeyJournalists platform is an effort to promote and defend free expression in Turkey by calling for every journalist behind bars to receive due.
Consultations are the fundamental mechanism of dispute settlement under the Agreement. The Parties shall endeavour to solve any differences between them on the interpretation and application of the Agreement by direct consultations, and, if need be, through consultations in the Joint Committee.
The negotiations for the modernisation and expansion of the existing Agreement started in September and were concluded in November in six rounds.
The modernised EFTA-Turkey FTA was signed on 25 June and covers trade in goods industrial products as well as fish and marine products and processed agricultural products , trade in services, the protection of intellectual property rights, government procurement, competition, and trade and sustainable development.
In addition, updated bilateral agricultural agreements between the individual EFTA countries and Turkey continue to form part of the instruments creating the free trade area.
The Agreement consists of 10 Chapters and 21 Annexes. The Agreements provides for the abolishment of all customs duties on imports and exports of industrial products, including fish and other marine products, originating in an EFTA State or in Turkey.
Industrial products originating in Turkey have benefited from duty-free access to the EFTA States as of entry into force of the existing Agreement on 1 April The Agreement provides for tariff concessions on processed agricultural products, as covered by Annex III.
While the bilateral agriculture agreements between Norway and Turkey, as well as Iceland and Turkey will remain in force, the bilateral agriculture agreement between Switzerland and Turkey was also modernised and will replace the existing bilateral agriculture agreement upon into force of the modernised EFTA-Turkey FTA.
These bilateral agriculture agreements form part of the instruments establishing the free trade area. The Agreement includes provisions on sanitary and phytosanitary measures article 2.
The Agreement includes provisions on technical regulations article 2. The Agreement includes provisions on trade remedies Articles 2.
It covers trade in all services sectors under all four modes of supply. Those lists shall be reviewed periodically with the aim to further liberalise trade in services between both sides.
The provisions on protection of intellectual property rights Chapter 4 and Annex XX cover, inter alia , trademarks, copyrights, patents and geographical indications, and include provisions for the enforcement of intellectual property rights and cooperation among the Parties.
The Agreement also includes provisions on public procurement Chapter 5 aiming in particular at ensuring transparency, as well as including a review clause.
In Chapter 6, the Parties recognise that anti-competitive business practices have the potential to undermine the benefits of liberalisation arising from the Agreement.
They highlight the importance of cooperation and consultations regarding issues relating to competition law enforcement. Furthermore, the Chapter provides the Parties with the possibility to take appropriate measures if an anti-competitive practice continues to affect trade, despite previous cooperation and consultation.
Priority shall be given to such measures that will least disturb the functioning of this Agreement. The Parties recognise that economic development, social development and environmental protection are interdependent.
In Chapter 7 they reaffirm their commitment to multilateral environmental and labour agreements and principles and undertake to uphold levels of protection while recognising the right of each Party to establish its own level of environmental and labour protection.
Arbitration procedures do not apply to this chapter. Chapter 8 establishes a Joint Committee to supervise and administer the Agreement and to oversee its further development.
The Joint Committee, which normally meets every two years, may modify the Agreement or consider and propose amendments, as provided for in the Agreement.
Chapter 9 sets out the rules and procedures applying with respect to the avoidance or settlement of any disputes that may arise between Parties concerning the interpretation or application of the Agreement.
Rules of Origin and Methods of Administrative Cooperation. Products not covered by the Agreement. Referred to in Article 2. Processed Agricultural Products.
Trade Faciliation. Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs matters. Mandate on the Sub-Committee on Customs Matters. Recognition of Qualifications of Service Suppliers.
Movement of Natural Persons Supplying Services. Electronic Commerce. Telecommunications Services. Financial Services. Referred to in Article 3.
Health Services. Tourism and Travel Services. International Road Transport and Logistics Services. Protection of Intellectual Property.
Rules of Procedure of the. Skip to main content. Free Trade Agreement. Content of the Free Trade Agreement. Annexes and Record of Understanding.
PAPs notifications. Bilateral Agreements on Agriculture. Joint Committee Decisions. Decision Subject Adopted Entry into force No.
Trade Statistics. EFTA and Turkey hold sixth round of negotiations. EFTA and Turkey hold fifth round of negotiations.
But some people did not like some of the changes that made life in Turkey more secular. Religious secondary schools were gotten rid of, for example.
The opponents to Atatürk felt that he weakened Islam in the country. Their aim is for the Kurds in the southeast of Turkey to have autonomy , with a government of their own.
Because they use armed conflict, the Turkish government calls them terrorists. The European Union and United States also call them terrorists.
About 80 million people live in Turkey. Most of them are ethnic Turks. Many refugees from Syria over 3 million live in Turkey because they have run away from the Syrian civil war.
The biggest city in Turkey is Istanbul which has the biggest population of any city in Europe. According to a study, Anatolia is genetically more closely related to the Balkan populations than to the Central Asian populations.
Turkey is trying to join the European Union EU since the s. The Turkish currency is called the Lira. The first coins were made in Turkey.
In the s, many Turks moved to other countries, like Germany, to escape the bad economy at the time and to get better jobs.
They often come back to Turkey for summer holidays. Today, many of the people who left in the s want to move back to Turkey.
Until the s the government owned most companies, but then Prime Minister Turgut Özal sold them. Before, foreigners were usually not allowed to buy companies, land or property.
Turkey and the EU agreed not to put a lot of tax on what they buy and sell to each other. After that it was easier for Turkish factories to sell products to the EU and for business people in the EU to buy companies in Turkey.
Turkey's exports in were worth billion United States dollars. Earthquakes in , , and slowed economic growth a bit.
Turkey has no petroleum or natural gas so it buys them from other countries, like Russia. In , oil was found in the Turkish City of Diyarbakir, but there was not enough oil to extract.
Turkey is searching for natural gas in Turkish Northern Cyprus. The capital and second-largest city of Turkey is Ankara.
The largest and the most crowded city is Istanbul which is the only city in the world that has land on two different continents. The third largest city is the coastal city of Izmir which is the main port of the country.
Turkey is divided into 81 provinces. Each province has its own little government but they can only make decisions about small things: the government in Ankara decides important issues.
The provinces are in 7 regions. Each province is divided into districts. There are districts altogether. Most people in Turkey speak Turkish.
It belongs to the Turkic language group, which also includes many other languages spoken across Asia , such as Azerbaijani and Tatar.
The Turkish language came from central Asia, but now it is a bit different from the languages spoken in central Asia. Turks living by the Mediterranean have southern, much thicker, and more masculine accents than western Turkey.
Northerners, by the Black Sea have softer accents. In Turkey there are also minorities who speak languages such as Arabic , Kurdish , Armenian , Greek or Ladino , and many others.
Many of the young adults can also speak English, which is taught throughout Primary, Middle and High school.
Different parts of Turkey have similar but not exactly the same lifestyles. Central Turkey is somewhat more traditional.
Western Turkey, especially coastal cities are more modern and secular. Eastern and Southeastern Turkey is made up of mostly Kurds.
They generally have less modern and more Islamic lifestyles. The majority of Turkey is made up of Turks. The largest minority is Kurds.
Kurds live mostly in South Eastern and Eastern Turkey. The second largest minority are Arabs. People in Turkey have to go to school for 12 years.
İstanbul University was the first university in Turkey. It was established in Ankara University was the first university that was started after Turkey became a republic.
There were high schools in Turkey in according to Ministry of National Education. The İzmit earthquake was an approximately 7. Many people have been killed by earthquakes in Turkey.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For the bird, see Turkey bird. National emblem of Turkey de facto.
Main article: Ottoman Empire. Main article: Turkish language. Main article: Education in Turkey.